The Lost Generation: Apostel • Kauder • Busch

The Lost Generation: Apostel • Kauder • Busch

Release Date:

24th May 2024

Cat No:



£12.99 (1CD Jewel Case | 24-page booklet)



“Maestro Botstein conducted The Orchestra Now with vivacity, accuracy, and commanding expression. Tonight was a marvelous, adventurous delectation of works rarely heard, packaged with a special treat of the New York premiere of Hugo Kauder’s Symphony No. 1. Finally, it was an honor to celebrate the brilliance of composers who kept their creative spirits alive despite the desperate political conditions in their homelands” – Opening Night

“Kauder symphony proves a compelling rediscovery in Orchestra Now program” – New York Classical Review

WCLV Radio Cleveland: Recording of the Week

Botstein makes a fine advocate for all three of these works, and his orchestra … plays everything here with suitable but not overdone intensity … the quality of the performances and the chance to hear some interestingly unfamiliar and mostly well-crafted material” – Infodad


If you’ve seen the Leonard Bernstein biopic “Maestro”, you’ve seen and heard The Orchestra Now, the exceptional ensemble that appears in the movie’s Tanglewood Music Festival scene. The Orchestra Now (TŌN), a New York-based graduate-level training orchestra comprised of the most vibrant young musicians from around the globe, was founded by conductor, educator and music historian Leon Botstein, whose insatiable curiosity has resulted in rescuing countless musical works from oblivion. Their first recording for AVIE, “The Lost Generation”, brings together three German-speaking composers who were contemporaries of Arnold Schoenberg and Alban Berg, but whose music became supressed by historical events of the 20th century.

In November 2022, Botstein and TŌN gave the US premiere of Hugo Kauder’s Symphony No. 1, a “splendid” work that “made a splash” (New York Classical Review). The largely self-taught Moravian-born composer had a distinguished career in Vienna until he was forced to flee the Nazis and arrived in New York in 1938. The first of Kauder’s five symphonies was dedicated to Alma Mahler. Whilst his musical language is rooted in the tradition of Johannes Brahms and Gustav Mahler, he forged an individual voice with his ease and flexibility of harmonic and metrical shifts.

German-born, Austrian composer Hans Erich Apostel studied with Schoenberg and Berg. His works incorporated his mentors’ expressionism and 12-tone methods in equal measure. The Nazis deemed Apostel’s music “degenerate”, but he lived out his life in Vienna until his death in 1972. His Variations on a theme by Haydn, performed frequently in the mid-20th century, is an homage to the second movement of Haydn’s Symphony No. 103, the “Drum Roll, which itself comprises variations on a theme.

Adolf Busch, one of the most celebrated violinists and chamber musicians of the 20th century, was also a prolific composer. A staunch opponent of Nazism, he left his native Germany, arriving first in Switzerland and eventually the United States in 1939. A late Romantic compositional style imbues his Variations on an Original Theme, originally for piano four hands and presented to his wife as a Christmas present in 1944. Busch’s longtime chamber music partner and son-in-law, the pianist Rudolf Serkin, frequently performed the work with his son Peter, who made this orchestration of his grandfather’s composition, in a familial labor of love.


HUGO KAUDER (1888–1972)
Symphony No. 1
1. I. Bewegt
2. II. Sehr mäßig bewegt
3. III. Sehr breit und betragen
4. IV. Ruhig, streng gemessen

Variations on a Theme by Haydn
I. Theme: Andante più tosto Allegretto
6. II. Variation I: Allegretto
7. III. Variation II: Andante cantabile
8. IV. Variation III: Tagstück (Pastorale)
9. V. Variation IV: Vivace
10. VI. Variation V: Adagio
11. VII. Variation VI: Vivace
12. VIII. Variation VII: Nachtstück (in Kubins Manier)
13. IX. Variation VIII: Andante cantabile
14. X. Variation XI: Allegretto

ADOLF BUSCH (1891–1952), arr. Peter Serkin (1947–2020)
15. Variations on an Original Theme

The Orchestra Now (TŌN)
Leon Botsteinconductor

Recording Producer, Recording, Mixing and Mastering Engineer: Marlan Barry
Digital Editing and Assistant Engineer: Ian Striedter
Recording: November 2022, The Fisher Center at Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York

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