Treasures of Christ Church
The Choir of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
Stephen Darlington, director
Treasures of Christ Church is a newly recorded, special collection spanning 500 years of English choral music performed from original manuscripts, uncovering the unique history of music at Christ Church, Oxford. All of the composers on Treasures had an association with Christ Church (whose hallowed halls were famously seen in the Harry Potter films), stretching back to the tenure of John Taverner, through Tallis, Handel, Purcell and Byrd to present day world premiere recordings of works by John Rutter and Howard Goodall.
The history: John Taverner, the most outstanding English composer of his time, was appointed Informator Choristarum of Cardinal College, Oxford in 1526, with the brief of establishing the foremost choral institution in the country. He succeeded magnificently and the tradition continues to this day at what is now known as Christ Church, Oxford. The Choir maintains a special and distinctive place within the great English choral tradition, with an unbroken, continuous tradition of glorious music-making for over five hundred years. Today the choir is renowned for its vibrant sound and artistic versatility, qualities that have been praised throughout the world.
ABOUT THE TREASURES OF CHRIST CHURCH
George Frideric Handel (1685-1659) Zadok the priest
The great German composer spent most of his working life in England. In 1733 he performed Acis and Galatea in Christ Church Hall. The manuscript of his organ arrangement of the orchestral accompaniment to the Coronation anthem Zadok the Priest dates from the 1760s and is in the College Library.
William Walton (1902-1983) Set me as a seal
William Walton was a boy chorister in the Choir at Christ Church from 1912 and entered the College as an undergraduate in 1918.
Thomas Tallis (c1505-1585) Salvator mundi
Thomas Tallis collaborated with William Byrd on a collection of motets called Cantiones sacrae. Salvator mundi was part of this collection and is in the Baldwin part-books dating from the late 16th Century which are in the College Library.
Henry Purcell (1659-1695) O God thou art my God
Purcell was organist at Westminster Abbey. This anthem exists in a manuscript copy made in the 1740s by the composer William Walond, and is in the College Library.
Robert Parsons (c1530-1570) Ave Maria
Parsons was a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal from 1563. As a composer he was an important precursor of William Byrd. Ave Maria comes from the Dow part-books which date from the 16th Century, and are in the College Library.
Benjamin Britten (1913-1976) Shepherd’s Carol
Words by W H Auden (1907-1973)
The poet W H Auden was an undergraduate at Christ Church, reading English Literature. He was a devoted member of the College and it influenced deeply throughout his life. Benjamin Britten’s setting of A Shepherd’s Carol was written for a BBC radio production entitled ‘A Poet’s Christmas’.
Herbert Howells (1892-1983) Like as the hart
dedicated to Thomas Armstrong (1898-1994)
Thomas Armstrong was the dedicatee of Howells’ setting of verses from Psalm 42. Armstrong was Organist and Choirmaster at Christ Church from 1955-1968 before becoming Principal of the Royal Academy of Music.
John Tavener (b.1944) The Lord’s prayer (from Orthodox Liturgy)
John Tavener is a British composer best known for his religious and minimal works. His setting of the Orthodox Liturgy was composed for Christ Church Cathedral Choir in 1984.
John Taverner (c1490-1545) Christe Jesu, with the Elizabeth text as in Christ Church source
Taverner was the first Director of Music at Cardinal College (now Christ Church) Oxford in 1526. Christe Jesu was sung daily in the College Chapel. This particular edition includes an invocation for the protection of Queen Elizabeth I, so is an adaptation of the original version. The manuscript comes from the Baldwin part-books dating from the latter part of the 16th Century. These are in the College Library.
Francis Grier (b.1955) My breath lies quiet
Francis Grier was Director of Music at Christ Church from 1981-1985. His oratorio ‘Around the Curve of the World’ was commissioned for Christ Church Cathedral Choir and first performed in the year 2000. ‘My breath lies quiet at the door of my mouth’ is one of three short psalm settings in the work.
Peter Warlock (1894-1930) Bethlehem Down
Peter Warlock is best known as a consummate composer of carols and songs although he wrote a great deal of other music. He was an undergraduate at Christ Church in 1913/1914.
John Rutter (b.1945) Canticle of the Heavenly City
John Rutter is one of the most successful contemporary composers of sacred choral music. The Canticle of the Heavenly City was written for the parish church at Iffley in Oxford. The church is under the patronage of Christ Church, hence the connection.
William Byrd (1543-1623) O Lord make thy servant Elizabeth
William Byrd was the greatest of the Elizabethan composers. The anthem O Lord make thy servant Elizabeth is in a manuscript organ-book dating from around 1640. The volume from which it comes is in the College Library.
Stephen Darlington (b.1952) Jacob’s Ladder
Stephen Darlington has been Director of Music at Christ Church since 1985. This arrangement of the carol Jacob’s Ladder was written for performance in the Cathedral in 1992.
Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625) Great Lord of Lords
Orlando Gibbons was born in Oxford and received his Doctor of Music in Oxford in 1622. The manuscript-score anthem book dates from the 1620s and contains an early version of this anthem, which is in the College Library.
Howard Goodall (b.1958) Veni, sancte spiritus
Howard Goodall studied Music at Christ Church as an undergraduate. Over the years he has composed a huge amount of music for Christ Church Cathedral Choir. Veni, sancte spiritus was commissioned for the annual meeting of the Headmasters’ and Headmistresses’ Conference in 2008.
Thomas Weelkes (1576-1623) Hosanna
Thomas Weelkes was one of the outstanding composers of the Jacobean period. His setting of Hosanna to the Son of David is in manuscript in a set of five part-books dating from around 1620 in the College Library.
Digital Bonus Track:
Purcell Thou knowest Lord
An anthem from the burial service written for the funeral of Queen Mary II in 1695. It is in a printed manuscript dating from the period in the College Library.
1. George Frideric HANDEL Zadok the priest * (5:40)
2. William WALTON Set me as a seal (3:34 )
3. Thomas TALLIS Salvator mundi (3:44)
4. Henry PURCELL O God, thou art my God (3:54)
5. Robert PARSONS Ave Maria (4:44)
6. Benjamin BRITTEN Shepherd’s Carol (4:54)
7. Herbert HOWELLS Like as the hart * (6:14)
8. John TAVENER The Lord’s Prayer (2:34)
9. John TAVERNER Christe Jesu (3:24)
10. Francis GRIER My breath lies quiet (1:56)
11. Peter WARLOCK Bethlehem Down (4:15)
12. John RUTTER Canticle of the Heavenly City (6:23)
(with flute and harp)
13. William BYRD O Lord make thy servant Elizabeth (2:57)
14. Stephen DARLINGTON Jacob’s Ladder (2:44)
15. Orlando GIBBONS Great Lord of Lords * (4:46)
16. Howard GOODALL Veni, Sancte Spiritus (4:45)
17. Thomas WEELKES Hosanna to the Son of David (1:50)
Total time: 68:45
digital bonus track
PURCELL Thou knowest Lord (2:00)
* with organ accompaniment
Recorded in the Chapel of Merton College, Oxford, England, 21–23 March 2011
Recording producer: David Trendell
Balance engineer: Simon Fox-Gál